“Let the system Run” or “do we need reform” (URDU)

August 10, 2017

It is frequently argued that no matter how bad our democracy is all we need is to let the system run and it will automatically produce the finest democracy ever. We can go through many dynasties and we will achieve democracy.

Here Saeed Afridi a former oil and gas professional now a PhD candidate in politics argues to the contrary.

  • We discuss why research and debate on possible reform is so lacking in Pakistan.
  • We also take up on how change is always sled by ideas and a debate among thinkers on change ideas.
  • We discuss how change happens and why it is important to constantly think change.
  • We discuss how merely running a faulty car with punctured tires will not fix itself without some tinkering and fixing.  

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Rethinking Education 2: Using technology to leapfrog (ENGLISH)

August 3, 2017

Pakistan has many excellent intellectuals, professionals and entrepreneurs in our diaspora. Mahboob Mahmood is one of them. A lawyer from Harvard and Princeton; a man who worked with Obama, an entrepreneur, a writer and a man passionately interested in education.

His firm “Knowledge Platform” http://www.knowledgeplatform.com is providing web-based education to 6 countries including China. He has spent a lot of time and effort trying to help Pakistani kids educated through technology. 

Today we talk about education again—we have done it 4 times before. But we will return to it again and again since it is such an important subject. 

We discuss many aspects of education especially the role of technology in education and especially the need to change the education paradigm in Pakistan.

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

 

 

 

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To get democracy, fix the constitution (URDU)

July 28, 2017

In collaboration with "Hafte Ki Seedhi Baat," "Soch Bichar" addresses the constitutional issue again today. 

Today the Supreme Court has ruled to disqualify PM Nawaz Sharif. 

This is not a day to celebrate but a day to reflect.

  • We must reflect on why we not been able to achieve democracy.
  • We must reflect on why our democratic government overstep their bounds all the time.
  • We must reflect on our dynastic parliament.
  • We must reflect on the continuing erosion of our institutions.

Adnan Rasool a PHD candidate in Georgia has launched a podcast Hafte Ki seedhi Baat but more importantly is researching on constitutional issues.

We had a fascinating discussion on why it is the poor constitutional design that is leading to a poor-quality democracy. Several themes for reform were discussed.

We hope that there will be a wide-ranging discussion on these issues and a policy community on constitutional reform developed. That is the only way forward. People must push for reform by discussing such ideas and pushing for change. Don’t leave it to politicians who are benefitting from the system to change the system.

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Informal Economy (English)

July 22, 2017

This Epsiode dedicated to A. R Kemal

The informal economy enters every discussion on Pakistan but there is little understanding of it.

Ali Kemal, well-known economist from PIDE who has done a lot of reserch on the subject, clarifies for us the concepts and tells us what the size of the informal economy is

at this occasion we sdhould all remember A. R Kemal, Ali's father who pioneered reserch into the informal economy in Pakistan.

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch BIchar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Understanding Public Transport URDU)

July 18, 2017

In Pakistan it seems as if Public transport is an expensive bus systems on stilts—platformed roads that divide the city.

We learn here from Mohamed Rizwan, a transport engineer involved in designing transport systems in the UAE, that there is more than one mode of mobility in the city.

He tells how they think of transport in the UAE. And we all know how advanced UAE is in terms of thinking of transport.

Learn from this how important it is to think of mobility for all in a cohesive city rather than just cars and buses as our planners do.

I wonder why no one treats this topic as subject of research in Pakistan. It is well worth writing some papers on. 

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch BIchar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Configuring the Energy system (ENGLISH)

July 12, 2017

Energy system is plagued with leakages while the government continues to build more and bigger power plants. Even though the price of oil has gone down by about $100 from its peak in 2007-8, the circular debt continues to plague us while load-shedding remains intact.

Last episode I talked about how the power system needs to be reconfigured. 

Here I go into detail because I thought some things need explaining.

We have a haemorrhaging patient and we are relying on more and more blood transfusions and not fixing the haemorrhage.

My contention here is we need to operate on the system and fix.

Listen to it and see if you agree. And remember without discussion ideas die.

REMEMBER TO SUBSCRIBE TO SOCH BICHAR.

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Energy Shortages–the causes (ENGLISH)

July 10, 2017

Australian radio interviewed me on the power situation in Pakistan after reading my article on Project Syndicate

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/pakistan-energy-crisis-reform-by-nadeem-ul-haque-2017-06

I think the discussion would be interesting to all who want to understand the root causes of the energy problem and how to get out of it.

Those who insist it is a supply problem—the solution to which is the setting up of ever more power supply projects including ones that will further contaminate our environment are wrong. 

While supply will always increase, it must be balanced by measures for

  1. Managing efficiency of existing supply and distribution
  2. Ensuring that demand efficiency by eliminating wasteful use of energy

It is for this reason that I have always maintained energy shortfalls that Pakistan is facing is first a governance issue which must be addressed immediately well before we rapidly expand supply.

Sadly, for the last 10 years 3 governments have not understood this or were incapable of addressing the governance issue. It is no wonder that we have the circular debt with us again at the level of another $5 billion.

Listen and discuss. It is only public discussion that will wake up our leadership.

REMEMBER TO SUBSCRIBE TO SOCH BICHAR THEN YOU WILL GET ALL EPISODES AS THEY COME OUT.

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Rethinking education (ENGLISH)

July 3, 2017

Everybody is for education. All politicians, all thinkers and all donors swear by education being the most important investment that needs to be made. Billions of dollars have been invested in education with limited positive results, if any.

My generation’s major success was destroying the limited education system that we inherited from a colonial regime. I came across some young people who have been writing on education taking a fresh provocative approach. 

Here we have a debate on education among these young people:

Nadia Naviwalla,

Shahrukh Wani,

Safyan Aftab, and

Salman Ahmed

We explored several aspects of education. The debate is fascinating and very educational in itself. There are a few recording glitches because of my failures. So please ignore them and look at the substance of the conversation.

Let me again invite all to join in the conversation on Soch Bichar. This is a community project to grow a debate in Pakistan. So join in. 

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Finance and economy (URDU)

June 29, 2017

Today our guest is Nasim Beg a well-known corporate personality in Pakistan. He is now a leading figure in Arif Habib securities a large holding company stretching from finance to cement.

 

We discuss his career, the state of financial markets in Pakistan as well as economic policy. It is a wide-ranging discussion from which you will learn much about our markets as well as the state of our policy.

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Congratulations! Pakistan Won (URDU)

June 20, 2017

Like the rest of Pakistan, we wanted to celerbrate the victory in cricket at the Oval. 

The covnersation led to us wondering abou the sports industry and its role in the economy. And then to analyzing why we dont have sucn an industry and should we? 

We also outline some research topics that students and researchers should take up.  

 

Listen enjoy. Spread the word on Soch Bichar. Cite it when you can. 

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