Governance and Civil Service Reform (English)

January 5, 2018

Governance remains Pakistan’s biggest challenge as we have seen in many of our podcasts.  Recent news also confirms the importance of understanding and improving our governance.  I know I have often argued civil service is an important component of any governments reform that Pakistan might undertake.

Saeed Shafqat is an important thinker in the area of civil service reform and governments. He has written many important research articles on the subject has been training civil servants for many decades. He also heads FC College University Center for Public Policy and Governance.

We discuss the underpinnings of governance reform

  • The need to change the culture of governance through deep seated reform of both politics and the civil service
  • The need to reimagine governance and within it the kinds of supporting technical professional, administrative, judicial legal regulatory systems that are now needed
  • We remain embedded in colonial systems that are too stretched to meet the needs of a much larger population, growing globalization and major technological challenges

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. 

http://www.libertybooks.com/index.php?route=product/search&search=Nadeem%20ul%20haque&category_id=0

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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law and Justice Reform (ENGLISH)

December 30, 2017

“Institutions are important for growth and development” is now well known and accepted. There are many measures of institutional development (eg Competiveness, Governance matters, Ease of Doing business) that have been developed around the world. Most of them tell us that justice, legal frameworks and contract enforcement are important items that must work well.

There is little research is how to reform and make these systems better. Over the years a number of donors have funded fairly large projects in this regard with little success.

Osama Siddique is one young Law researcher who has done some great work to understand Pakistan’s law and justice system and has some great ideas to discuss. Sadly, Pakistan has produced too few legal scholars like Osama who have researched our law and justice system to develop concrete ideas for reform. 

This is a very important podcast that scholars and thinkers must listen to and discuss and develop research on. Recent involvement of the courts in the prevailing political mess have revealed the huge weaknesses in our law and court system.

We must listen to Osama and develop much research and debate in this area and push for legal and judicial reform if Pakistan is to move forward. 

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. 

http://www.libertybooks.com/index.php?route=product/search&search=Nadeem%20ul%20haque&category_id=0

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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The early years of Pakistan: Building Institutions (ENGLISH)

December 2, 2017

Initial conditions are important in any dynamic process. 70-year-old Pakistan is still searching for political and economic stability. Yakoob Bangash raises the possibility that in order to understand the ongoing search process, we must study the early years of Pakistan’s history.  The seeds of instability may have been laid there. 

Yakoob Bangash is fast emerging as one of Pakistan’s leading historians. He is a Professor at Information Technology University author of a book on the ‘Accession of Princely States to Pakistan’ and a recently completed history of the Judiciary in Pakistan.

There is much to learn here of Pakistan’s search for a constitution, political and administrative system and a founding ideology. Events and ideas from this period laid the foundations of much that followed much as the theory of dynamic systems tells us. 

"How can we change the process remains?" and open question for debate discussion and research.  We will discuss it in many podcasts to come.

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How economic theory and thought is evolving! (ENGLISH)

November 3, 2017

Russ Roberts is one of the most important economic thinkers and popularizers of our time. His podcast Econtalk is the most perceptive podcast for learning economics. You will find the most in-depth discussions of many subjects there and his interviews and interview style is enviable.

While Russ has published extensively in academic journals and is a professor of economics in George Mason University, he has done a lot to present key economic ideas to a wider audience.  His books, “The Choice,” “The Invisible Heart,” and ‘The Price of Everything” are written for the lay audience in fictional form to explain economic thinking and analysis. They clarify difficult economic concepts and are very provocative for generating very interesting learning discussions. They are a must for anyone interested in economics.

Russ has also made economics music videos—a series of debates in rap between Keynes and Hayek.  Once again very useful for understanding economics.

Russ’s most recent book is “how Adam Smith can Change your life: An Unexpected Guide to Human Nature and Happiness.”

We will use Russ’s vast experience in economics to discuss several key issues that are important to all who are interested in economic thought and policy.

  • His reflections on a career in economics and how his thinking has changed over time.
  • Key economic thinkers such as Smith, Keynes, Hayek and the Austrians.
  • The nature of policy and policy thinking.
  • The role of models, emergence and self-organization in understanding economics.

There is a lot in this podcast if you are interested in economics.  I urge you to listen to it carefully and if you are student share it and discuss it in class.

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. 

https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Entrepreneurship and the Code Economy (ENGLISH)

October 19, 2017

Entrepreneurship and innovation are at the core of development. When we first put these concepts in the Framework of Economic Growth (FEG) in the Planning Commission, people were surprised. Given the preoccupation with fiscal arithmetic and ‘theories of a bygone era’ most people thought economics was all about deficits, and growth was about development projects and aid.   

Phil Auerswald a professor of Economics at George Mason University helped with the FEG preparing both a background paper as well as a documentary on entrepreneurship. Since then Phil has written 2 books. The first “The Coming Prosperity” is about how entrepreneurship across the globe could lead to huge gains for the global population.

His second book “The Code Economy” is a human history as seen through the lens of technology or what is at the back of all technology—recipes or code.

Here we discuss

  • Phil’s involvement in Pakistan
  • What entrepreneurship is? And what policies can nurture is?
  • What code and technology is? What lessons for policy can we derive.

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. 

https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Getting India Pakistan dialog to move forward (ENGLISH)

October 7, 2017

Despite much talk India Pakistan dialog does not seem to move forward. Here Saleem Ali a Pakistani professor at Delaware discusses his ideas about how the dialog can be taken forward and what role the world and friendly countries can play to facilitate it. 

We also discuss the role of various factions in each country can play to achieving more regional integration.

We also discuss why domestic reform remains underweighted in the debate especially in Pakistan. The pace of domestic reform in both countries appears to be very slow with much of the colonial administration intact and local government still very weak.   

This is an important subject that also needs more attention but with more innovation than in the past. 

 

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

 

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Understanding economic history of the world (ENGLISH)

September 22, 2017

Hilton Root is a professor in Public Policy and Economics in George Mason University. He has published many books and is now working on using complexity to understand economic history and development. 

His new book is “Global Transformations in Economic History”. In this book, he uses complexity theory to understand economic history. It sheds new light on how the west evolved technology and institutors to achieve global domination.

  • Why did China which had the lead in technology all the way through the middle ages surrender this lead?
  • Why was decentralized and warring Europe the cauldron of change and discovery in the 18th and 19th centuries?
  • How did the notion of sovereignty and systems fo governance evolve?

 

All students of economics and all people interested in policy must listen to this and clean fresh perspectives on how global economic transitions happened.

 

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Inside Universities (ENGLISH)

September 15, 2017

Amer Raza, now a Ph.D. candidate in University of Massachusetts, has been teaching in the University of Peshawar. We discuss the inner working of a Pakistani university from the perspective of an insider.

What emerges is a picture of teaching colleges with limited mentoring and motivating students. Sadly, students are not getting a holistic learning experience which will prepare them for a life of competition in an increasingly globalized world full of change.

It is just bad management of universities and a system created by HEC for failure while counting numbers. 

Listen to this and get into some research and writing about these universities to see if we can change them into modern eco-systems of knowledge. 

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Incentives in Civil Service Reform (ENGLISH)

September 7, 2017

Asim Khwaja is one of our bright young economists now a Professor in Harvard and engaged in some great research on Pakistan.

Asim has for the last 8 years been involved with civil the revenue service in Pakistan conducting randomized control trials to see if incentive could be used in the context a wider civil service reform to produce a more performance oriented civil service.

Here we discuss the results and methodology of his research that has appeared in the QJE and other good journals. We also discussed ho these results should be used in policy as well as how policy is made and the use of research in policy. We also discuss wider issues of civil service reform and governance in Pakistan.

A great discussion on many levels and much to learn from.

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

 

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Critiques of the standard economic model (ENGLISH)

August 30, 2017

Prof Steve Keen is a profound critic of Neoclassical economics and the author of “Debunking Economics” and several papers and courses on reframing macroeconomics. He is also ranked the 18th most influentail economist today. https://richtopia.com/inspirational-people/top-100-economists

He is a strong proponent of the Minsky model and has operationalized it for policy and real-time tracking. His new book, “Can we avoid another Financial crisis” is a great read, very well researched and forcefully argued.

In this podcast, we discussed

  • his critique of the standard economic model
  • how he saw the global crisis of 2008,
  • the Minsky model, and
  • How he sees the possibility of further crises

Many Pakistanis are very suspicious of neoclassical economics and yes there is good reason to be. Indeed, critical thinking requires that we examine critiques and not swallow any one theory as dogma.

I am very grateful to professor Keen for giving us an education in good economics that is different from what most of us are taught in class. 

So enjoy and think about how you can develop build your own research on development or on Pakistan using Steve’s work.

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

 

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