“Let the system Run” or “do we need reform” (URDU)

February 26, 2018

It is frequently argued that no matter how bad our democracy is all we need is to let the system run and it will automatically produce the finest democracy ever. We can go through many dynasties and we will achieve democracy.

Here Saeed Afridi a former oil and gas professional now a PhD candidate in politics argues to the contrary.

  • We discuss why research and debate on possible reform is so lacking in Pakistan.
  • We also take up on how change is always sled by ideas and a debate among thinkers on change ideas.
  • We discuss how change happens and why it is important to constantly think change.
  • We discuss how merely running a faulty car with punctured tires will not fix itself without some tinkering and fixing.  

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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To get democracy, fix the constitution (URDU)

February 26, 2018

In collaboration with "Hafte Ki Seedhi Baat," "Soch Bichar" addresses the constitutional issue again today. 

Today the Supreme Court has ruled to disqualify PM Nawaz Sharif. 

This is not a day to celebrate but a day to reflect.

  • We must reflect on why we not been able to achieve democracy.
  • We must reflect on why our democratic government overstep their bounds all the time.
  • We must reflect on our dynastic parliament.
  • We must reflect on the continuing erosion of our institutions.

Adnan Rasool a PHD candidate in Georgia has launched a podcast Hafte Ki seedhi Baat but more importantly is researching on constitutional issues.

We had a fascinating discussion on why it is the poor constitutional design that is leading to a poor-quality democracy. Several themes for reform were discussed.

We hope that there will be a wide-ranging discussion on these issues and a policy community on constitutional reform developed. That is the only way forward. People must push for reform by discussing such ideas and pushing for change. Don’t leave it to politicians who are benefitting from the system to change the system.

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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RENTIER CAPITALISM (ENGLISH)

February 21, 2018

This is an important podcast for those interested in the political economy of development.

Shahid Ahmed is a Pakistani economist with long experience of the UN and international financial markets. He has written a book provocatively titled Rentier Capitalism: Disorganized development and Social Injustice in Pakistan.

We discuss his book where he examines why Pakistan developed differently from the rest of Asia. Several themes are examined and the conversation evolves very nicely to interesting themes on the political economy of Pakistan, trends in development thinking and the state of policymaking and governance. We come to interesting conclusion that might echo with some of you.

In any case there are several interesting themes for research and thought that are developed in the conversation. 

Shahid also has an interesting book recommendation at the end. So please watch for it.

Stay Curious!

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. 

http://www.libertybooks.com/index.php?route=product/search&search=Nadeem%20ul%20haque&category_id=0

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects

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Thinking like an Entrepreneur, Entrepreneurship Incubation and Ecosystem (ENGLISH and some URDU)

January 31, 2018

As we have discussed in many episodes, Entrepreneurship and innovation is an important source of growth in an economy. Entrepreneurship was also central to the Framework of Economic Growth of the Planning Commission that was approved by the government in 2011 and 2012. Sadly, like most good policies it was neither read nor implemented. Entrepreneurship also plays a central role in my book ‘Looking Back.”

A study on entrepreneurships in Pakistan is available here. 

http://www.pide.org.pk/pdf/Working%20Paper/WorkingPaper-29.pdf

While in previous episodes we have discussed entrepreneurship with economists and thinker who have studied the subject, in this episode, we will discuss the subject with 2 entrepreneurs who are entrepreneurs. But now they have become entrepreneurship evangelists which involves incubating entrepreneurship and creating an entrepreneurship ecosystem.   

Faisal Sherjan has been a founding spirit of Geo and venture capital funds in UK and is now managing the LUMS incubator for entrepreneurship while he is also investing in a number of startups. 

Kurram Zafar has set up successful startups in Silicon Valley and  has been involved in many ventures in Pakistan. He set up the Plan 9 incubator and the LUMS incubator and has now developed the first venture capital fund for Pakistan.

Listen to these to entrepreneurs talk about the entrepreneurship,

  • How to think like an entrepreneur;
  • How you can find opportunities;
  • How to do a startup;
  • What and incubator is and how it can help you;
  • What is an entrepreneurial ecosystem is and why it is necessary;
  • What is needed in policy to support entrepreneurship.

 Listen and learn and as always comment, discusses and debate. 

Stay Curious!

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. 

http://www.libertybooks.com/index.php?route=product/search&search=Nadeem%20ul%20haque&category_id=0

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

 

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Governance and Civil Service Reform (English)

January 5, 2018

Governance remains Pakistan’s biggest challenge as we have seen in many of our podcasts.  Recent news also confirms the importance of understanding and improving our governance.  I know I have often argued civil service is an important component of any governments reform that Pakistan might undertake.

Saeed Shafqat is an important thinker in the area of civil service reform and governments. He has written many important research articles on the subject has been training civil servants for many decades. He also heads FC College University Center for Public Policy and Governance.

We discuss the underpinnings of governance reform

  • The need to change the culture of governance through deep seated reform of both politics and the civil service
  • The need to reimagine governance and within it the kinds of supporting technical professional, administrative, judicial legal regulatory systems that are now needed
  • We remain embedded in colonial systems that are too stretched to meet the needs of a much larger population, growing globalization and major technological challenges

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. 

http://www.libertybooks.com/index.php?route=product/search&search=Nadeem%20ul%20haque&category_id=0

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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law and Justice Reform (ENGLISH)

December 30, 2017

“Institutions are important for growth and development” is now well known and accepted. There are many measures of institutional development (eg Competiveness, Governance matters, Ease of Doing business) that have been developed around the world. Most of them tell us that justice, legal frameworks and contract enforcement are important items that must work well.

There is little research is how to reform and make these systems better. Over the years a number of donors have funded fairly large projects in this regard with little success.

Osama Siddique is one young Law researcher who has done some great work to understand Pakistan’s law and justice system and has some great ideas to discuss. Sadly, Pakistan has produced too few legal scholars like Osama who have researched our law and justice system to develop concrete ideas for reform. 

This is a very important podcast that scholars and thinkers must listen to and discuss and develop research on. Recent involvement of the courts in the prevailing political mess have revealed the huge weaknesses in our law and court system.

We must listen to Osama and develop much research and debate in this area and push for legal and judicial reform if Pakistan is to move forward. 

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. 

http://www.libertybooks.com/index.php?route=product/search&search=Nadeem%20ul%20haque&category_id=0

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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The early years of Pakistan: Building Institutions (ENGLISH)

December 2, 2017

Initial conditions are important in any dynamic process. 70-year-old Pakistan is still searching for political and economic stability. Yakoob Bangash raises the possibility that in order to understand the ongoing search process, we must study the early years of Pakistan’s history.  The seeds of instability may have been laid there. 

Yakoob Bangash is fast emerging as one of Pakistan’s leading historians. He is a Professor at Information Technology University author of a book on the ‘Accession of Princely States to Pakistan’ and a recently completed history of the Judiciary in Pakistan.

There is much to learn here of Pakistan’s search for a constitution, political and administrative system and a founding ideology. Events and ideas from this period laid the foundations of much that followed much as the theory of dynamic systems tells us. 

"How can we change the process remains?" and open question for debate discussion and research.  We will discuss it in many podcasts to come.

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How economic theory and thought is evolving! (ENGLISH)

November 3, 2017

Russ Roberts is one of the most important economic thinkers and popularizers of our time. His podcast Econtalk is the most perceptive podcast for learning economics. You will find the most in-depth discussions of many subjects there and his interviews and interview style is enviable.

While Russ has published extensively in academic journals and is a professor of economics in George Mason University, he has done a lot to present key economic ideas to a wider audience.  His books, “The Choice,” “The Invisible Heart,” and ‘The Price of Everything” are written for the lay audience in fictional form to explain economic thinking and analysis. They clarify difficult economic concepts and are very provocative for generating very interesting learning discussions. They are a must for anyone interested in economics.

Russ has also made economics music videos—a series of debates in rap between Keynes and Hayek.  Once again very useful for understanding economics.

Russ’s most recent book is “how Adam Smith can Change your life: An Unexpected Guide to Human Nature and Happiness.”

We will use Russ’s vast experience in economics to discuss several key issues that are important to all who are interested in economic thought and policy.

  • His reflections on a career in economics and how his thinking has changed over time.
  • Key economic thinkers such as Smith, Keynes, Hayek and the Austrians.
  • The nature of policy and policy thinking.
  • The role of models, emergence and self-organization in understanding economics.

There is a lot in this podcast if you are interested in economics.  I urge you to listen to it carefully and if you are student share it and discuss it in class.

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. 

https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Entrepreneurship and the Code Economy (ENGLISH)

October 19, 2017

Entrepreneurship and innovation are at the core of development. When we first put these concepts in the Framework of Economic Growth (FEG) in the Planning Commission, people were surprised. Given the preoccupation with fiscal arithmetic and ‘theories of a bygone era’ most people thought economics was all about deficits, and growth was about development projects and aid.   

Phil Auerswald a professor of Economics at George Mason University helped with the FEG preparing both a background paper as well as a documentary on entrepreneurship. Since then Phil has written 2 books. The first “The Coming Prosperity” is about how entrepreneurship across the globe could lead to huge gains for the global population.

His second book “The Code Economy” is a human history as seen through the lens of technology or what is at the back of all technology—recipes or code.

Here we discuss

  • Phil’s involvement in Pakistan
  • What entrepreneurship is? And what policies can nurture is?
  • What code and technology is? What lessons for policy can we derive.

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. 

https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Getting India Pakistan dialog to move forward (ENGLISH)

October 7, 2017

Despite much talk India Pakistan dialog does not seem to move forward. Here Saleem Ali a Pakistani professor at Delaware discusses his ideas about how the dialog can be taken forward and what role the world and friendly countries can play to facilitate it. 

We also discuss the role of various factions in each country can play to achieving more regional integration.

We also discuss why domestic reform remains underweighted in the debate especially in Pakistan. The pace of domestic reform in both countries appears to be very slow with much of the colonial administration intact and local government still very weak.   

This is an important subject that also needs more attention but with more innovation than in the past. 

 

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

 

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Understanding economic history of the world (ENGLISH)

September 22, 2017

Hilton Root is a professor in Public Policy and Economics in George Mason University. He has published many books and is now working on using complexity to understand economic history and development. 

His new book is “Global Transformations in Economic History”. In this book, he uses complexity theory to understand economic history. It sheds new light on how the west evolved technology and institutors to achieve global domination.

  • Why did China which had the lead in technology all the way through the middle ages surrender this lead?
  • Why was decentralized and warring Europe the cauldron of change and discovery in the 18th and 19th centuries?
  • How did the notion of sovereignty and systems fo governance evolve?

 

All students of economics and all people interested in policy must listen to this and clean fresh perspectives on how global economic transitions happened.

 

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Inside Universities (ENGLISH)

September 15, 2017

Amer Raza, now a Ph.D. candidate in University of Massachusetts, has been teaching in the University of Peshawar. We discuss the inner working of a Pakistani university from the perspective of an insider.

What emerges is a picture of teaching colleges with limited mentoring and motivating students. Sadly, students are not getting a holistic learning experience which will prepare them for a life of competition in an increasingly globalized world full of change.

It is just bad management of universities and a system created by HEC for failure while counting numbers. 

Listen to this and get into some research and writing about these universities to see if we can change them into modern eco-systems of knowledge. 

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Incentives in Civil Service Reform (ENGLISH)

September 7, 2017

Asim Khwaja is one of our bright young economists now a Professor in Harvard and engaged in some great research on Pakistan.

Asim has for the last 8 years been involved with civil the revenue service in Pakistan conducting randomized control trials to see if incentive could be used in the context a wider civil service reform to produce a more performance oriented civil service.

Here we discuss the results and methodology of his research that has appeared in the QJE and other good journals. We also discussed ho these results should be used in policy as well as how policy is made and the use of research in policy. We also discuss wider issues of civil service reform and governance in Pakistan.

A great discussion on many levels and much to learn from.

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

 

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Critiques of the standard economic model (ENGLISH)

August 30, 2017

Prof Steve Keen is a profound critic of Neoclassical economics and the author of “Debunking Economics” and several papers and courses on reframing macroeconomics. He is also ranked the 18th most influentail economist today. https://richtopia.com/inspirational-people/top-100-economists

He is a strong proponent of the Minsky model and has operationalized it for policy and real-time tracking. His new book, “Can we avoid another Financial crisis” is a great read, very well researched and forcefully argued.

In this podcast, we discussed

  • his critique of the standard economic model
  • how he saw the global crisis of 2008,
  • the Minsky model, and
  • How he sees the possibility of further crises

Many Pakistanis are very suspicious of neoclassical economics and yes there is good reason to be. Indeed, critical thinking requires that we examine critiques and not swallow any one theory as dogma.

I am very grateful to professor Keen for giving us an education in good economics that is different from what most of us are taught in class. 

So enjoy and think about how you can develop build your own research on development or on Pakistan using Steve’s work.

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

 

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On higher education (URDU)

August 24, 2017

We return to the subject of higher education and we will keep returning to it given its importance to the economy and welfare of Pakistan.

Here we talk to Mr. Wasif Rizvi the founding president of Habib University.  Mr Rizvi, a Harvard graduate has been associated with education in many parts of the world including Pakistan.

I enjoyed our discussion which gave me several new ideas about how to think about developing higher education in a country like Pakistan. 

He has a holistic concept of education centered around students which could be truly transformative.

I agree with him that education while providing skills must most importantly instill humanity and human civilization. 

I hope HEC and educationists will listen. Much to learn here as in all our education podcasts.

Listen to his book recommendation at the end of the podcast. Very good book. All should read.

Listen to his advice to students and journalists on how to think about education.

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Reviewing growth in Pakistan (URDU)

August 17, 2017

Some episodes are worth repeating for those who have not heard them. This was played in earlier dys when few knew of SOCH BICHAR. so here it is again. 

Pakistan economy grows in spurts. Pakistan has a young population is that needs employment.  

"Given the youth bulge that Paksitan is going through till 2050, the economy needs to at a sustained rate of 8% per annum for the next 30 years" Framework of Economic Growth of the Plannign Commission 2011.

Questions discussed are:

What can we learn from the growth experience of the world?

The importance of the software of growth--institutions and what institutions are?
what is the the geography of growth
The preoccupation fo our rulers with "hardware"--projects and aid.

Anjum and Nadeem Discuss many aspects of growth policy and literature while also discussing why Paksitan does not attained the required sustained growth. 

An important subject to which we will return again and again. 

Listen to this and let us reinvigorate research and debate into change. 

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Rethinking Education 2: Using technology to leapfrog (ENGLISH)

August 3, 2017

Pakistan has many excellent intellectuals, professionals and entrepreneurs in our diaspora. Mahboob Mahmood is one of them. A lawyer from Harvard and Princeton; a man who worked with Obama, an entrepreneur, a writer and a man passionately interested in education.

His firm “Knowledge Platform” http://www.knowledgeplatform.com is providing web-based education to 6 countries including China. He has spent a lot of time and effort trying to help Pakistani kids educated through technology. 

Today we talk about education again—we have done it 4 times before. But we will return to it again and again since it is such an important subject. 

We discuss many aspects of education especially the role of technology in education and especially the need to change the education paradigm in Pakistan.

Listen to this fascinating discussion. There is much to learn and research here. 

You can also look at my book “Looking Back: How Pakistan Became an Asian Tiger in 2050” now available in hard copy in Pakistan. Soft copy here. https://www.amazon.com/Looking-Back-Pakistan-Became-Asian-ebook/dp/B06X94135J/ref=sr_1_1?s=books&ie=UTF8&qid=1488133596&sr=1-1&keywords=nadeem+haque

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch Bichar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

 

 

 

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Informal Economy (English)

July 22, 2017

This Epsiode dedicated to A. R Kemal

The informal economy enters every discussion on Pakistan but there is little understanding of it.

Ali Kemal, well-known economist from PIDE who has done a lot of reserch on the subject, clarifies for us the concepts and tells us what the size of the informal economy is

at this occasion we sdhould all remember A. R Kemal, Ali's father who pioneered reserch into the informal economy in Pakistan.

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch BIchar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Understanding Public Transport URDU)

July 18, 2017

In Pakistan it seems as if Public transport is an expensive bus systems on stilts—platformed roads that divide the city.

We learn here from Mohamed Rizwan, a transport engineer involved in designing transport systems in the UAE, that there is more than one mode of mobility in the city.

He tells how they think of transport in the UAE. And we all know how advanced UAE is in terms of thinking of transport.

Learn from this how important it is to think of mobility for all in a cohesive city rather than just cars and buses as our planners do.

I wonder why no one treats this topic as subject of research in Pakistan. It is well worth writing some papers on. 

Listen and learn and write some papers on this subject.  Don’t forget to cite Soch Bichar

Please subscribe to Soch BIchar if you like it. Tell you friends about it. That is the only way to grow a public discussion. And we need a wider conversation on these important subjects.

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Energy Shortages–the causes (ENGLISH)

July 10, 2017

Australian radio interviewed me on the power situation in Pakistan after reading my article on Project Syndicate

https://www.project-syndicate.org/commentary/pakistan-energy-crisis-reform-by-nadeem-ul-haque-2017-06

I think the discussion would be interesting to all who want to understand the root causes of the energy problem and how to get out of it.

Those who insist it is a supply problem—the solution to which is the setting up of ever more power supply projects including ones that will further contaminate our environment are wrong. 

While supply will always increase, it must be balanced by measures for

  1. Managing efficiency of existing supply and distribution
  2. Ensuring that demand efficiency by eliminating wasteful use of energy

It is for this reason that I have always maintained energy shortfalls that Pakistan is facing is first a governance issue which must be addressed immediately well before we rapidly expand supply.

Sadly, for the last 10 years 3 governments have not understood this or were incapable of addressing the governance issue. It is no wonder that we have the circular debt with us again at the level of another $5 billion.

Listen and discuss. It is only public discussion that will wake up our leadership.

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